Today cyber security of an organization is dependent heavily on the successful co-ordination of IT security and support team, which are equipped and skilled to neutralize an attack that can directly impact usually 50000-100000 end points, the endpoint includes workstations, transaction server, database server, intranet-department process servers and multiple other peripheral devices which are directly or indirectly connected to the intranet and the internet.
Most of the big organizations are able to redirect , monitor, analyze and mitigate DDOS attacks and can neutralize other highly lethal payloads which post-shell access can shut down vital transactions and business processes thus disrupting real time operations, these set of disruptions will lead to huge revenue loss.
The lethal payloads injected in the main-frame mechanism can retrieve sensitive transactions and customer data, so post-data acquisition the core servers can be shut down by the attackers as a move to stall real time operations so that they can create more back-doors which will raise huge security and operational concerns.
With the right co-ordination and efforts from the INFO SEC TEAM and other highly efficient third party network security services which can assist in mitigating the risk and neutralizing scalable attacks can prove highly beneficial for an organization on both short term and long term basis.
if the core operations demands lots of digital transactions among distributed and scalable networks then monitoring each node can be tricky and sanitizing them can be even more trickier, so a well planned attack can be executed by a well coordinated approach by the strong factions of black hats so that they can get easy access to the enterprise database.
The attacks can be practically mitigated if we are talking about few thousand endpoints, if we are talking about an enterprise level network then we can have around hundred thousand endpoints or more which can still be managed via efficient risk analysis and mitigation steps, but the number amplifies when we talk about online IOT endpoints and it can even reach to millions, at this scale even the prediction and the traditional counter measures wont work, because even if a single end point is compromised it will compromise the entire network due to the highly contagious nature of the deployed payloads.
Distributed attacks on millions of I.O.T endpoints can eventually result in faulty information gathering and any payload executed or received via I.O.T can cause huge revenue loss, the key point to put into consideration for mitigating IOT ATTACKS is that IOT based attacks can be amplified to any extent because it has huge scale and it exploits high number of servers, device and os level vulnerabilities, so keeping the above mentioned points in mind if an organization has a less efficient security protocol implementation and patch creation mechanism then this will increase the chances of factions of end-points being compromised, the high attack scale can be achieved by leveraging the factions of infected servers to get complete backdoor access to sensitive customer and enterprise data, along with sensitive security patch information, post information gathering a strong attack can be directed to the right vector to retrieve the right amount of high value information.
As we can see the diverse nature of IOT ecosystem which are being deployed in wide variety of domains like automobiles, medical , IT, Telecom and government, we can clearly visualize the amplification factor of IOT DDOS attacks and the huge scale that these set of attacks can achieve, so by looking at the current IOT INFRASTRUCTURE enterprise and customer data-sets can easily come under the radar of pro black hats.
The goal of an organization is to efficiently execute and manage IOT enabled endpoints and monitor the security issues that lies deep beneath the application layer and the transport layer, these vulnerabilities have to be scanned via abiding to current efficient security standards but when we talk about the semiconductor manufactures and device manufactures the IOT security is not considered a primary concern and since the inception no significant step has been taken by the industry to bolster the security and due to this ignorance from the production and assembly side the device level vulnerabilities share huge potential to be exploited at a very large scale.
In order for the industry to come up with a strong firewall against the IOT TARGETED ATTACKS , which can only be developed via efficient acknowledgment by the semi-conductor manufacturers, device manufactures and the software manufacturers and then framing IOT strategy and standards to safeguard and minimize the loopholes, industry wide innovation and acceptance can solve the day by day escalating IOT security problem.
Organizations which have yet to acknowledge the strength of the targeted attacks have to diligently create an IOT STRATEGY which has to cover the deployment, monitor, predict and mitigate processes , IOT strategy has to be designed keeping in mind the organizational structure and the business process involved and it has to be executed in the right way in order to make it work efficiently and cost efficiently, implementing IOT security framework and protocols have to be executed and optimized according to the layers involved and level of complexity.
Available competence is the need of the day with the right set of efficient and industry accepted operational procedures & standards, all these have to in place to monitor, manage and mitigate risk.
Adapting to IOT will surely impart automation in lots of INTER-ORG processes and will create a streamlined workflow that will result in higher R.O.I but it also increases the chances of an organizational level cyber attack carried out via leveraging IOT endpoint , low levels of security protocols implementations can lead to compromising IOT endpoint , so it will be a win win strategy for an organization to fundamentally and holistically tackle the security vulnerabilities in IOT and NON-IOT infrastructure and carefully monitor so that any future IOT vector based attacks amplification can be mitigated and along with this they should also take care of generating a well defined long term predicative mitigation strategy which can result in an comprehensive approach towards a sanitized and fire-walled IOT and AUTOMATION infrastructure.