SCALES 101 : Scales made simple

When 12 notes are played together they can be referred as a chromatic scale by that i mean it has all the Colors, chromatic scales are used heavily in jazz music, but when you jam them then you do have to abide to subtle protocols associated with it and that totally comes with time and experience. 

Let’s Start !  Just like we have alphabets and then we add them in certain order to make words, and each word has a meaning and a context, and all these words are descriptively coupled with grammar , we can say that grammar is the set of rules and protocols that helps to add words and make sentences out of them to deliver abstract and integrated messages, with the right integration of the above mentioned abstract processes we are able to articulate the complex of the complex ideas with the power of language.

I was talking about language because now we can apply the same laws to the musical alphabets, the way we can make sense out of the musical alphabets is with the help of scales and chords, in this abstract, I will throw some light on major scales because these are the scales which are being heavily leveraged all around the globe, most of the mainstream stuff we listen to are just based on simple major scales and generic 4 chords progressions.

The law of the major scales which looks complex in the beginning, is kinda super simple, and what makes it more simple is the major scale universal formula; with the help of this formula you can render multiple scales and it will also help you to internalize the notes in relationship with the fret board quickly, in piano it is kinda easy to play scales as it placed in a very structured way but in guitar the notes are not as well structured so playing scales can be a bit tricky.

When it come to guitar & piano , major scales are easy and surely if you practice few hours each day you are going to nail most of em.

So in order to remember a major scale which means you can start from A to G, and then move full and half steps to complete the scale ; The below mentioned formula is a universal formula which you can apply across multiple melodic instruments. 


Here W refer to whole step and H refer to half step, so from a root note you just have to apply this formula and you get your major scale .


A scale will start from the root note and will end in the root note, but higher or lower octave is your choice, scales are the medium of communication between octaves, scales will move up and down and will render a holistic tonal profile.

The easiest scale to start is C major , so when we apply the above mentioned scale formula, where the root will be C, we will get the following note structure.

So it will come out to be ,

which is the most easy scale to learn in piano , it just goes straight white keys, no Black keys in this , but in order to structure this out in a better way the way we define distance between two notes is referred as degree , and these degree are represented as roman numerical, so c will be (I) and so on.

Another simple example this time we will pick a major scale of G, or we will play in the key of G , the key of G is quite popular in rock and the western music , now I will lay down the key of G , by using the same formula I used to render the C scale.

G A B C D E f# G  

This major scale formula make life easy for musician, you dont have to learn all the scales just use this formula to practice the scale you want to learn, slowly you will internalize these, the main game is to learn as many scales using this easy formula as you can, all you have to do is to learn few scales that abide to this formula and you can make thousand and thousand of tracks and trust me you will never ever end exploring them, each scale is kinda infinite in nature. 

This abstract reflects a lot about how to deal with major scales and easy way to render them, in the next part of this abstract i will share the simple formula and concept related to minor scales. After that y’all can go for an emotional chord and scale induced roller coaster ride.

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